The word race is often used to describe a group people by physical characteristics such as skin colour or bone structure.
In modern times, this has led to genocides, terrorist activities and a controversial science called eugenics.
However current research in genes and in gene expression/s is showing that true twins could have distinct physical features.
Furthermore, two people could have similar physical features and yet be of very distinct ancestry.
Racial profiling is also found in world politics.
One famous case is that of Palestinian Muslims, Palestinian Christians and Sephardic Jews. They seem to be from the same gene pool as opposed to Ashkenazi Jews who are from a different gene pool. Yet, Ashkenazi Jews are given preferential treatment over Palestinians and Sephardic Jews.
It is unfortunate that we still see in official forms under the heading of “Ethnic background” the words “white”, “black”, “Arab” etc.
I have never met a person who has “white” skin. Maybe pinkish?
I have also never met a person who has “black” skin. Maybe a shade of brown?
An Arab? What is that?
The illusion that one physical feature, like a skin pigmentation, is superior to another physical feature is but an illusion. It is a serious mental illness.
The illusion that a skin pigmentation is related to criminal activity remains an illusion and has led to major injustices.
The illusion that one genealogy is superior to another genealogy remains no more than an illusion.
The preference given to a genealogy over another genealogy seems to me like a middle-eastern disease exported to the rest of the world.
The preference given to a lighter skin pigmentation over a darker skin pigmentation seems to me like a European disease exported to the rest of the world.
It is interesting that the word race is not found in the Quran.
However the words nations -شعوب- and tribes -قبائل- are found therein.
According to the Quran, the most honourable individual, in the sight of God, is the least harmful to others.
“يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ إِنَّا خَلَقْنَاكُم مِّن ذَكَرٍ وَأُنثَىٰ وَجَعَلْنَاكُمْ شُعُوبًا وَقَبَائِلَ لِتَعَارَفُوا إِنَّ أَكْرَمَكُمْ عِندَ اللَّهِ أَتْقَاكُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَلِيمٌ خَبِيرٌ”
“O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you nations and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the least harmful of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.”
The words above were related in the first instance to a middle-eastern tribe called Quraysh. It saw itself superior to other tribes by virtue of its genealogy, religious authority and wealth. However the Quran did not support this view. On the contrary the Quran opposed it.