“And Pharaoh said, “Let me kill Moses and let him call upon his Lord. Indeed, I fear that he will change your religion or that he will cause corruption in the land.”
But Moses said, “Indeed, I have sought refuge in my Lord and your Lord from every arrogant one who does not believe in the Day of Account.”
And a believing man from the family of Pharaoh who concealed his faith said, “Do you kill a man [merely] because he says, ‘My Lord is Allah’ while he has brought you clear proofs from your Lord? And if he should be lying, then upon him is [the consequence of] his lie; but if he should be truthful, there will strike you some of what he promises you. Indeed, Allah does not guide one who is a transgressor and a liar.” Quran 40:28
The word pharaoh is found in Arabic.
It means a “tyrant”.
Its meaning in Arabic is not related to Egypt nor to a “great house” as some people claimed.
It can be applied to any tyrant anywhere on earth.
That tyrant may be in Egypt or elsewhere.
Indeed there is even a sound narration attributed to the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him:”Every nation has its pharaoh and the pharaoh of this nation is Muawiya son of Abi Sufyan.”
It is a naration.
It is not Quran.
However, there is enough historical data that favours the meaning of this narration over that which goes against it.
It is certain that the goodness of a human being is not inherent to their lineage nor to the colour of their skin.
The goodnesss of a human being is not measured by their DNA makeup.
It is measured by their struggle to favour fairness, justice, truth and all those values that make a human being balanced inwardly and outwardly.
It is certain that the Pharoah mentionned in the Quran was evil.
However, it is also certain that his wife was good.
Furthermore, at least one of his relatives was good as found in the Quran.
One should not let their outward appearance nor their lineage lead them to side with the wrongdoers.
One should not let their inner emotions obstruct their way to do good.