According to the Oxford dictionary a ‘genius’ is: “a person who is unusually intelligent or artistic, or who has a very high level of skill, especially in one area.”
As to its origin, it states the following:
“Late Middle English from Latin, ‘attendant spirit present from one’s birth, innate ability or inclination’, from the root of gignere ‘beget’. The original sense ‘spirit attendant on a person’ gave rise to a sense ‘a person’s characteristic disposition’ (late 16th century), which led to a sense ‘a person’s natural ability’, and finally ‘exceptional natural ability’ (mid 17th century).”
Maybe it is time to seek an answer further back in time than the Latin world.
The Middle East has always been a melting pot both ‘racially’ and linguistically.
There is no pure Arabic ‘race’ or tribe.
There is no pure Israelite ‘race’ or tribe.
And there is enough modern DNA research based evidence to support that.
As you study the languages of that region, you will notice a striking similarity between Arabic, Aramaic, Hebrew and some other local languages.
It is probably best to think of them as dialects of the same original language.
Take the famous Aramaic sentence found in the Bible:
“Eli ! Eli ! Lama Sabachthani?”
This same sentence reads in Arabic as follows:
“Elahi ! Elahi ! Lima taraktani ?”
They have the same number of words and they both sound very similar.
However, in English, it is translated as:
“My God, My God, why hast thou forsaken me ?”
There are more words in the English translation and of course it sounds different.
As Arabic has been very well documented, it is easier to research the root of its words.
There is no ancient language preserved like the Arabic language.
I would even venture to say that there is probably no live ancient language as old as Arabic.
There is a valley in Eastern part of Yemen close to Oman, called Abqar.
Other valleys in Arabia were also claimed to be Abqar.
It was claimed that Abqar valley was a dwelling for the jin.
The jin is an Arabic word for some of the unseen or hidden beings.
It does not matter their form or their sizes.
The microbiological world was part of the jin world up to recent times.
As that world was a subtle one, amazing things were attributed to it.
The baby in its mother’s womb is called janin because it is hidden.
Many of the outstanding poets claimed their poetry was received from the jin.
At times when they could not put together lines of poetry, they also claimed that their jin did not visit them.
In time, a male human being who did brilliant things was called abqarey.
As to a female human being who did brilliant things, she was called abqareyya.
This is an allegorical use of the original world abqarey.
In short, the world abqar is linked to the word jin which is the source of amazing things.
Not only the word jin was imported into Latin but also its cultural context.
The word genius, at its core is the word jin.
That is the genius of the English language.
However, to understand why it means brilliant, you have to delve into the ancient world and reach abqar.