In Mecca circa 570 CE, Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, was born.
Mecca was home to the most famous tribe: Quraysh.
Mecca was a hostile environment and the majority of its people were some of the most cruel people on earth.
Some of them would not care whose life they have taken or whose wealth they have pilaged or whose honour they have raped.
They would trample on anyone who got in their way.
It was Arabia then and it is Arabia now.
Muhammad’s way was different. His way is clearly found in One Book: al-Quran.
The following is an extract of his way.
Be careful some people around you may not like it.
“To each [category] We extend – to these and to those – from the gift of your Lord. And never has the gift of your Lord been restricted.
Look how We have favoured [in provision] some of them over others. But the Hereafter is greater in degrees [of difference] and greater in distinction.
Do not make [as equal] with Allah another deity and [thereby] become censured and forsaken.
And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], “uff,” and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word.
And lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy and say, “My Lord, have mercy upon them as they brought me up [when I was] small.”
Your Lord is most knowing of what is within yourselves. If you should be righteous [in intention] – then indeed He is ever, to the often returning [to Him], Forgiving.
And give the relative his right, and [also] the poor and the traveler, and do not spend wastefully.
Indeed, the wasteful are brothers of the devils, and ever has Satan been to his Lord ungrateful.
And if you [must] turn away from the needy awaiting mercy from your Lord which you expect, then speak to them a gentle word.
And do not make your hand [as] chained to your neck or extend it completely and [thereby] become blamed and insolvent.
Indeed, your Lord extends provision for whom He wills and restricts [it]. Indeed He is ever, concerning His servants, Acquainted and Seeing.
And do not kill your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Indeed, their killing is ever a great sin.
And do not approach unlawful sexual intercourse. Indeed, it is ever an immorality and is evil as a way.
And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden, except by right. And whoever is killed unjustly – We have given his heir authority, but let him not exceed limits in [the matter of] taking life. Indeed, he has been supported [by the law].
And do not approach the property of an orphan, except in the way that is best, until he reaches maturity. And fulfill [every] commitment. Indeed, the commitment is ever [that about which one will be] questioned.
And give full measure when you measure, and weigh with an even balance. That is the best [way] and best in result.
And do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge. Indeed, the hearing, the sight and the heart – about all those [one] will be questioned.
And do not walk upon the earth exultantly. Indeed, you will never tear the earth [apart], and you will never reach the mountains in height.
All that – its evil is ever, in the sight of your Lord, detested.
That is from what your Lord has revealed to you, [O Muhammad], of wisdom. And, [O mankind], do not make [as equal] with Allah another deity, lest you be thrown into Hell, blamed and banished.”
No matter, what the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, called for, it fell on deaf ears.
However, there were those few from Mecca and from other parts of Arabia who answered the call.
It is through them that we have received this Quran.
As to the majority, they worked tirelessly to silence the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, and his followers.
This would carry on even after Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, departed this world in 632 CE.
One of the ways to counter his teachings was to make up sayings and attribute them to the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him.
This project started in his own time but clearly took a greater momentum during the rule of the Umayyad Dynasty.
Take for example:
In the famous collection of sayings collected by alBukhari [810CE-870CE], he relates that the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, consummated his marriage to Aisha when she was nine years old.
Of course this is not true.
The main culprit in AlBukahri’s narration is Hisham Ibn Urwa. He worked for the Umayyad court. He was a liar according to his contemporary al-Imam Malik.
Urwa the father of Hisham, hence Hisham Ibn Urwa, also worked at the Umayyad court.
Unfortunately, they both stand accused of making up sayings.
Be careful some people around you may not like this.
Anyway, Al-Bukhari’s collection of sayings is not Quran.
The Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, received revelation in Mecca when he was fourty years old.
He stayed in Mecca for Thirteen years.
He got married to Aisha, two years after migrating to Medina.
The scholars of history like Ibn Ishaq and aTabri, who preceded alBukhari and are more knowlegeable than him especially in history, relate that:
1. She became a Muslim, i.e. a follower of Muhammad, peace be upon him, when her father became a Muslim. In other words, she became a Muslim when the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him,was around fourty years old. This is also what the famous scholar of Cordoba, Ibn Abdelbar, relates.
2. Before marrying the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, she was meant to get married to Ibn Mutam Ibn Addey but eventually that did not happen.
In conclusion, she was probably in her mid-twenties when she married the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. Maybe she was even older than that.
Take another example:
Again alBukhari relates that “If it was not to the children of Israel no food would expire and no meat would rot. And if it was not to Hawa (the mother of the children of Adam) no woman would cheat”.
Hawa is not a Quranic word. However, in the books of Hadith and history, she is the mother of the children of Adam.
Again, it is clear that this saying is not true.
And clearly it contradicts the Quran. For the Quran clearly praises Yaqoob (Jacob), peace be upon him, and his son yusuf (Joseph), peace be upon him, and also states:
“And among the people of Moses is a community which guides by truth and by it establishes justice.” Quran 7:159
When you read the Quran, it is clear that some of the children of Israel (i.e. Jacob) are good and some are not good.
This is the case with any other tribe including Quraysh.
Furthermore, meat was decaying long before there were humans on this earth.
So in this case Abu Huraira or those who related from him stand accused.
Abu Huraira worked for the Umayyad court and also those who related from him.
It is not certain who has lied in this case but someone did.
Anyway, why would anyone go out of their way and insult their mother ?
Does the Quran not clearly instructs us to treat our parents with kindliness ?
The people of Quraysh were stubborn and so the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, related to them:
“And is it not sufficient for them that We revealed to you the Book which is recited to them? Indeed in that is a mercy and reminder for a people who believe.” Quran 29:51
After so many years of reading this, my heart heard it at last.